Computer engineering is a driving force behind innovation and technologies that are changing the world. Bridging hardware (e.g. microprocessors, tablets) and software, computer engineering has implications ranging from technology to healthcare, green energy to aeronautics.
At the career level, computer engineering offers two central paths – hardware and software engineering – and multiple Sub specialty or areas of concentration, such as the following:
Designing computer systems that simulate human thinking, learning,
and reasoning abilities.
Designing and developing new, more powerful computing systems.
Research, design and development of electronic computer components such as microchips, microprocessors, circuit boards etc.
OPERATING SYSTEMS AND NETWORKS
Designing and developing software and network systems.
Designing and developing robotic systems used in a variety of fields.
Designing and developing computer software to research and solve problems outside of the computer engineering field. However the impact of computer engineering stretches well beyond these areas. It has become part of a larger interdisciplinary field. Below is a list of emerging opportunities for computer engineers.
DATA SCIENCE AND BIG DATA
Harnessing and transforming data into useable, actionable insights has launched a computer science and engineering revolution.
Nanotechnology crosses scientific borders, merging computer science with mechanical engineering, materials science, electrical engineering, biology and applied physics. The modern world’s dependence on computing technologies demands increasingly smaller, faster and more reliant computing systems. Nanotechnology explores new techniques to design and manufacture those electronic component and achieve those goals.
Cyber-security has gained attention and additional momentum from the increasing strains on network and information security. Developing and building the next generation of computing technologies that will lead to secure and sustainable data storage, communication and networking is a vital component of this growing field.
The push for energy-efficient computing, where researchers are developing ways to reduce energy consumption in computation, could lead to smaller, lighter and faster computers, laptops and mobile devices.
GREEN INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGY
Also known as “Green Computing” and “Green IT” green information and communications technology is concerned with sustainable computing. Those in Green IT focus on designing, using and disposing of computing systems and their components (networks, printers, monitors, etc.), in a way that decreases environmental impact.
INTERNET OF THINGS (IOT)
The thought behind IOT is that everyday things can connect to and exist within the existing Internet infrastructure, thereby becoming “SMART”. This includes items ranging from the automobile with tire pressure sensors to the home thermostat, or a biochip transponder in a farm animal to a person with a heart implant.
- Along with the opportunities mentioned above, other major sectors include remote sensing, cloud computing, user interface design, automobile manufacturing and perhaps unsurprisingly video gaming.